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Barack Obama Biography

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Barack Obama Biography

Post by সুমন্ত সরকার on 2011-06-27, 13:19

President of the United States. Born Barack Hussein Obama on August 4, 1961, in Honolulu, Hawaii. Obama's mother, Ann Dunham,
grew up in Wichita, Kansas, where her father worked on oil rigs during
the Depression. After the Japanese attack on Pearl Harbor, Dunham's
father, Stanley, enlisted in the service and marched across Europe in
Patton's army. Dunham's mother, Madelyn, went to work on a bomber
assembly line. After the war, the couple studied on the G.I. Bill,
bought a house through the Federal Housing Program and, after several
moves, landed in Hawaii.Obama's father, Barack Obama, Sr., was
born of Luo ethnicity in Nyanza Province, Kenya. The elder Obama grew up
herding goats in Africa, eventually earning a scholarship that allowed
him to leave Kenya and pursue his dreams of college in Hawaii. While
studying at the University of Hawaii in Manoa, Obama, Sr. met fellow
student, Ann Dunham. They married on February 2, 1961. Barack was born
six months later.Obama's parents separated when he was two years
old, later divorcing. Obama, Sr. went on to Harvard to pursue Ph.D.
studies, and then returned to Kenya in 1965. In 1966, Dunham married
Lolo Soetoro, another East–West Center student from Indonesia. A year
later, the family moved to Jakarta, Indonesia, where Obama's half-sister
Maya Soetoro Ng was born. Several incidents in Indonesia left Dunham
afraid for her son's safety and education so, at the age of 10, Barack
was sent back to Hawaii to live with his maternal grandparents. His
mother and sister later joined them.While living with his
grandparents, Obama enrolled in the esteemed Punahou Academy, excelling
in basketball and graduating with academic honors in 1979. As one of
only three black students at the school, Obama became conscious of
racism and what it meant to be African-American. He later described how
he struggled to reconcile social perceptions of his multiracial heritage
with his own sense of self. "I began to notice there was nobody like me
in the Sears, Roebuck Christmas catalog...and that Santa was a white
man," he said. "I went to the bathroom and stood in front of the mirror
with all my senses and limbs seemingly intact, looking the way I had
always looked, and wondered if something was wrong with me." Obama
also struggled with the absence of his father, who he saw only once
more after his parents divorced, in a brief 1971 visit. "[My father] had
left paradise, and nothing that my mother or grandparents told me could
obviate that single, unassailable fact," he later reflected. "They
couldn't describe what it might have been like had he stayed." Obama,
Sr. eventually lost his legs in an automobile accident, also losing his
job as a result. In 1982, he died in yet another car accident while
traveling in Nairobi. Obama, Jr. was 22 years old when he received the
news of his father's passing. "At the time of his death, my father
remained a myth to me," Obama said, "both more and less than a man."






After high school, Obama studied at Occidental College
in Los Angeles for two years. He then transferred to Columbia University
in New York, graduating in 1983 with a degree in political science.
After working in the business sector for two years, Obama moved to
Chicago in 1985. There, he worked on the South Side as a community
organizer for low-income residents in the Roseland and the Altgeld
Gardens communities.It was during this time that Obama, who said
he "was not raised in a religious household," joined the Trinity United
Church of Christ. He also visited relatives in Kenya, which included an
emotional visit to the graves of his biological father and paternal
grandfather. "For a long time I sat between the two graves and wept,"
Obama said. "I saw that my life in America—the black life, the white
life, the sense of abandonment I felt as a boy, the frustration and hope
I'd witnessed in Chicago—all of it was connected with this small plot
of earth an ocean away."Obama returned from Kenya with a sense of renewal, entering Harvard Law School in 1988. The next year, he met Michelle Robinson,
an associate at Sidley & Austin law firm in Chicago. She was
assigned to be Obama's adviser during a summer internship at the firm,
and soon the couple began dating. In February 1990, Obama was elected
the first African-American editor of the Harvard Law Review, and he
graduated magna cum laude in 1991. After law school, Obama
returned to Chicago to practice as a civil rights lawyer, joining the
firm of Miner, Barnhill & Galland. He also taught at the University
of Chicago Law School, and helped organize voter registration drives
during Bill Clinton's
1992 presidential campaign. On October 3, 1992, he and Michelle were
married. They moved to Kenwood, on Chicago's South Side, and welcomed
two daughters: Malia (born 1998) and Sasha (born 2001).Obama published his autobiography in 1995 Dreams From My Father: A Story of Race and Inheritance.
The work received high praise from literary figures such as Toni
Morrison and has since been printed in 10 languages, including Chinese,
Swedish and Hebrew. The book had a second printing in 2004, and is
currently being adapted into a children's version. The 2006 audiobook
version of Dreams, which was narrated by Obama, received a Grammy award for Best Spoken Word Album.Obama's
advocacy work led him to run for the Illinois State Senate as a
Democrat. He won election in 1996. During these years, Obama worked with
both Democrats and Republicans in drafting legislation on ethics,
expanded health care services, and early childhood education programs
for the poor. He also created a state earned-income tax credit for the
working poor. Obama became chairman of the Illinois Senate's Health and
Human Services Committee as well, and after a number of inmates on death
row were found innocent, he worked with law enforcement officials to
require the videotaping of interrogations and confessions in all capital
cases.





In 2000, Obama made an unsuccessful Democratic primary
run for the U. S. House of Representatives seat held by four-term
incumbent candidate Bobby Rush. Undeterred, Obama created a campaign
committee in 2002, and began raising funds to run in the 2004 U.S.
Senate Race. With the help of political consultant David Axelrod, Obama began assessing his prospects of a Senate win.Following the 9/11 attacks in 2001, Obama was an early opponent of President George W. Bush's
push to war with Iraq. Obama was still a state senator when he spoke
against a resolution authorizing the use of force against Iraq during a
rally at Chicago's Federal Plaza in October 2002. "I am not opposed to
all wars. I'm opposed to dumb wars," he said. "What I am opposed to is
the cynical attempt by Richard Perle and Paul Wolfowitz
and other arm-chair, weekend warriors in this Administration to shove
their own ideological agendas down our throats, irrespective of the
costs in lives lost and in hardships borne." Despite his protests, the
war with Iraq began in 2003.Obama, encouraged by poll numbers,
decided to run for the U.S. Senate open seat vacated by Republican Peter
Fitzgerald. In the 2004 Democratic primary, he won 52 percent of the
vote, defeating multimillionaire businessman Blair Hull and Illinois
Comptroller Daniel Hynes. That summer, he was invited to deliver the
keynote speech in support of John Kerry
at the 2004 Democratic National Convention in Boston. Obama emphasized
the importance of unity, and made veiled jabs at the Bush administration
and the diversionary use of wedge issues.After the convention,
Obama returned to his U.S. Senate bid in Illinois. His opponent in the
general election was supposed to be Republican primary winner Jack Ryan,
a wealthy former investment banker. However, Ryan withdrew from the
race in June 2004, following public disclosure of unsubstantiated sexual
deviancy allegations by Ryan's ex-wife, actress Jeri Ryan.In August 2004, diplomat and former presidential candidate Alan Keyes accepted the Republican nomination to replace Ryan. In three televised debates, Obama and Keyes
expressed opposing views on stem cell research, abortion, gun control,
school vouchers and tax cuts. In the November 2004 general election,
Obama received 70 percent of the vote to Keyes' 27 percent, the largest
electoral victory in Illinois history. With his win, Barack Obama became
only the third African-American elected to the U.S. Senate since the
Reconstruction.Sworn into office January 4, 2005, Obama partnered
with Republican Senator Richard Lugar of Indiana on a bill that
expanded efforts to destroy weapons of mass destruction in Eastern
Europe and Russia. Then, with Republican Senator Tom Corburn of
Oklahoma, he created a website that tracks all federal spending. Obama
also spoke out for victims of Hurricane Katrina; pushed for alternative
energy development; and championed improved veterans' benefits.





His second book, The Audacity of Hope: Thoughts on Reclaiming the American Dream,
was published in October 2006. The work discussed Obama's visions for
the future of America, many of which became talking points for his
eventual presidential campaign. Shortly after its release, it hit No. 1
on both the New York Times and Amazon.com bestsellers lists. In February 2007, Obama made headlines when he announced his candidacy
for the 2008 Democratic presidential nomination. He was locked in a
tight battle with former first lady and then-U.S. Senator from New York,
Hillary Rodham Clinton.
On June 3, 2008, however, Obama became the presumptive nominee for the
Democratic party, and Senator Clinton delivered her full support to
Obama for the duration of his campaign. On November 4th, 2008, Barack
Obama defeated Republican presidential nominee John McCain
for the position of U.S. President, 52.9 percent to 45.7 percent. On
January 20, 2009, Obama became the 44th president of the United
States—and the first African-American to hold this office.When
Obama took office, he inherited a global economic recession; two
on-going foreign wars; and the lowest international favorability rating
for the United States ever. He campaigned on an ambitious agenda of
financial reform, alternative energy, and reinventing education and
health care—all while bringing down the national debt. Because these
issues were intertwined with the economic well-being of the nation, he
believed all would have to be undertaken simultaneously. During his
inauguration speech, Obama summarized the situation by saying, "Today I
say to you that the challenges we face are real. They are serious and
they are many. They will not be met easily or in a short span of time.
But know this, America: They will be met."Between Inauguration
Day and April 29, the Obama administration took to the field on many
fronts. Obama coaxed Congress to expand health care insurance for
children and provide legal protection for women seeking equal pay. A
$787 billion stimulus bill was passed to promote short-term economic
growth. Housing and credit markets were put on life-support, with a
market-based plan to buy U.S. banks' toxic assets. Loans were made to
the auto industry, and new regulations were proposed for Wall Street. He
also cut taxes for working families, small businesses and first-time
home buyers. The president also loosened the ban on embryonic stem cell
research and moved ahead with a $3.5 trillion budget plan. During
his first 100 days, President Obama also undertook a complete overhaul
of America's foreign policy. He reached out to improve relations with
Europe, China, Russia and open dialogue with Iran, Venezuela, and Cuba.
He lobbied allies to support a global economic stimulus package. He
committed an additional 21,000 troops to Afghanistan and set an August
2010 date for withdrawal of U.S. troops from Iraq. In more dramatic
incidents, he took on pirates off the coast of Somalia and prepared the
nation for an attack of the Swine Flu. For his efforts, he was awarded
the 2009 Nobel Peace Prize by the Norwegian Nobel Committee.On January 27, 2010, President Obama delivered his first State of the
Union speech. During his oration, Obama addressed the challenges of the
economy, proposing a fee for larger banks, announcing a possible freeze
on government spending in 2010, and speaking against the Supreme Court's
reversal of a law capping campaign finance spending. He also challenged
politicians to stop thinking of re-election and start making positive
changes, critisizing Republicans for their refusal to support any
legislation, and chastizing Democrats for not pushing hard enough to get
legislation passed. He also insisted that, despite current obstacles,
he was determined to help American citizens through the nation's current
domestic difficulties. "We don't quit. I don't quit," he said. "Let's
sieze this moment to start anew, to carry the dream forward, and
strengthen our union once more."
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সুমন্ত সরকার
তারকা সদস্য
তারকা সদস্য

লিঙ্গ : Male
পোষ্ট : 216
রেপুটেশন : 3
শুভ জন্মদিন : 06/04/1988
নিবন্ধন তারিখ : 02/04/2011
বয়স : 29
অবস্থান : কোলকাতা, ভারত
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